Friday, 16 June 2017

European Electric Car Sales By Nation : 2013-14

The Nissan Leaf is a pure electric car

In Europe fossil fuel propulsion is expensive. In some nations incentives to purchase electric type vehicles have been put in place, as they are much more expensive to buy. So with that in mind, if alternatives such as electric struggle to gain favour then what hope do they have? Pure electric cars or hybrid (including range-extender) ones are the choice Europeans are offered, as hydrogen isn't an option.

The list below comes from data released by ACEA, for nations in Europe that supplied sales figures for 2013 and 2014 on PEVs and HEVs. PEVs are 100% electrically powered, while HEVs include PEVs but also covers hybrid and range extending cars*. Denmark, Ireland and Romania are left out of the HEV list as they only gave PEV sales figures. Greece is only on the HEV list as they don't separate the pure electric cars from the hybrids. We will look at each side of the chart.

The BMW i3 is a range-extended electric car

PEVs: They increased a creditable 73% from '13 to '14. Norway (+130%), UK (+173%), Denmark (+148%), Sweden (+187%) and Belgium (+133%) were major gains numerically for PEVs. France (+20%) and the Netherlands (+14%) were two of the smallest gains. All were up in number so all are coloured pale blue. Norway accounts for 31% of all European PEVs, and for a relatively small country that is amazing. Clearly government assistance is working.

HEVs: This includes all electrically assisted vehicles. The hybrid side here covers both range-extended and plug in hybrids.  Norway (+141%), UK (+301%), Sweden (+202%), Poland (+109%) and Belgium (+148%) had large volume gains in HEVs. The Netherlands managed the only decrease with 43% less sales.

The Mitsubishi Outlander is a hybrid vehicle (PHEV)

Summary: While PEVs were up 73%, hybrid and range-extending cars were up just under 26%, giving a combined increase of 50%. So pure electric increased its share of the whole HEV market. I thought they may have been similar in growth but as government subsidies favour PEVs, I assume that is the reason. It is also just a year to year comparison so 2015 will show if that trend continues or not.

Either way they still make up a tiny percentage of sales, albeit a growing one. How will fossil fuel prices affect things? Will HEVs remain a limited part of the market? Does electric have a future or will something like hydrogen propulsion take over, leaving electric nothing more than a curiosity?

Pure Electric (PEV)
Hybrid & Electrical (HEV)
13 14 Nation 2013 % 2014 %
13 14 Nation 2013 % 2014 %
2 1 Norway 7,882 23% 18,090 31%
3 1 Norway 8,210 13% 19,767 21%
1 2 France 8,779 26% 10,561 18%
5 2 UK 3,833 6% 15,361 16%
3 3 Germany 6,051 18% 8,522 15%
4 3 Germany 7,706 12% 13,118 14%
4 4 UK 2,719 8% 7,416 13%
1 4 Netherl 22,495 35% 12,920 13%
5 5 Netherl 2,619 8% 2,982 5%
2 5 France 9,622 15% 12,488 13%
6 6 Switzerl 1,156 3% 1,659 3%
9 6 Sweden 1,547 2% 4,667 5%
10 7 Denmark 650 2% 1,612 3%
7 7 Poland 1,900 3% 3,968 4%
9 8 Austria 654 2% 1,281 2%
6 8 Austria 3,227 5% 3,641 4%
12 9 Sweden 432 1% 1,239 2%
8 9 Switzerl 1,717 3% 2,693 3%
11 10 Belgium 500 1% 1,164 2%
11 10 Belgium 819 1% 2,032 2%
7 11 Italy 864 3% 1,098 2%
10 11 Italy 1,174 2% 1,473 2%
8 12 Spain 811 2% 1,076 2%
15 12 Spain 883 1% 1,405 1%
14 13 Estonia 149 0% 398 1%
12 13 Czech R 475 1% 583 1%
16 14 Ireland 49 0% 221

14 14 Finland 218
440
17 15 Czech R 37 0% 197

16 15 Estonia 150
402
13 16 Portugal 166 0% 189

19 16 Latvia 13
391
15 17 Finland 50 0% 183

13 17 Portugal 221
289
21 18 Latvia 4 0% 176

17 18 Slovakia 136
169
18 19 Poland 31 0% 81

20 19 Greece 4
64
20 20 Slovakia 6 0% 58

18 20 Hungary 16
43
19 21 Hungary 10 0% 32

21 21 Bulgaria 1
2
22 22 Romania 4 0% 7




64,367
95,916
23 23 Bulgaria 1 0% 2











33,624
58,244









*Range-extenders have an internal combustion engine that drive an electric generator, which supplies the battery and electric motor with electricity to add range once the stored electricity is used up. Hybrid cars (PHEVs) have an internal combustion engine that takes over powering the car when the batteries have depleted.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Labels

Tags

Indian Off-Roading

Car Magnetic SunShades Cheapest Rate Online