Tuesday, 27 June 2017

Renault Car Production By Model : 1945-59

The company was started by a man named Louis Renault in 1899. When France was occupied by Germany from 1940, he claimed he put the plant under the control of the Vichy government so that it would not be moved to Germany instead. For this he was viewed as a Nazi collaborator and the company was seized by the French government in 1944. He died at that time while under arrest.
As a nationalised company, it started producing cars quite quickly. They will be explained as we go. First the production numbers, then a brief summary of the models.




Juvaquatre 4cv Colorale Frégate Dauphine

45 5 - - - -

46 8,536 - - - -

47 17,671 1,300 - - -

48 2,663 29,917 - - -

49 6,688 63,920 - - -

50 17,800 86,077 - - -

51 19,651 99,886 11,504 579 -

52 16,756 103,308 10,307 18,153 -

53 10,893 95,268 6,371 25,192 -

54 11,954 123,593 5,628 34,258 -

55 14,349 138,632 4,970 37,631 -

56 13,897 112,050 1,871 28,943 78,007

57 16,749 71,068 2,620 10,546 187,926

58 13,262 73,951 1,406 13,649 280,604

59 10,226 44,710 - 7,461 395,827

Data source: Freyssenet.com

Juvaquatre: A compact car inspired by the Opel Kadet was started in 1937, and resumed after the war. It soon became just a wagon model, with the saloon car dropped. It was also sold as a commercial van, sales of which may be included here. 

4cv: This compact car replaced the Juvaquatre saloon model. It was secretly designed during WWII, and was soon introduced after the war.
The 4cv. Quite streamline for it's time

Colorale: It was a large car for it's day, with a wagon look to it in profile but it wasn't overly popular.

Frégate: The need for an upmarket car led to this model being released. It was later joined by a wagon. 

Dauphine: While it replaced the 4cv, it was larger and both models continued for a time in typical French fashion. Other variants were introduced in time, including a sport and luxury versions.
The Dauphine. I remember seeing these as a child in NZ 

Summary: The post war years were a time of rebuilding a shattered Europe. The car industry was to become an important part of that, but in this period it was still early days.

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